In all dark field luminaires, the light is refracted on the object and scattered - only a part of the light reaches the camera lens. ● Horizontal and flat-angle dark-field illumination The horizontal and flat-angled arrangement of the LEDs allows 360-degree illumination. Applications include: edge inspection and verification of embossed imprints or damage and the like on metal or other surfaces. Reflections are avoided. ● Square and round dark field lighting The illumination with a light diffuse light output allows a homogenous illumination without disturbing reflections of the LEDs. Soft uniform and diffuse illumination on shining subjects. Applications include: inspection of imprints and defects, component inspection, circuit board inspection, position detection, marking control, etc.